A lens focuses light to form an image behind the lens. This image is “in focus” not at a point but across a small distance. The image is out-of-focus in-front of and beyond this space.

The small diagram below illustrates three aspects of lenses: Depth of Focus, Depth of Field and Circle of Confusion.


For the new movie, the title relates to how the characters see the world in their minds. Each of us sees the world through a “lens” of our beliefs, superstitions, fears and joys.  How the character’s individual “lenses” process the events of the story, determines the clarity with which they see and the width of their in-focus space determines the breadth of their understanding. The characters see some things clearly and other things distorted.  The out-of-focus parts lead to conflicts and confusion.

The Circle of Confusion relates somehow too but at the moment the only confusion lies in the screen writer’s mind.